In addition to the local enterprises to relocate or stop the operation, the more important is the traditional labor-intensive enterprises have transition
For this year's Dongguan labor market, a local shoe-making business general manager Xiao Yongkang has felt some minor differences.
"This year the workers are not so hard to recruit." Xiao Yongkang said.
"First Financial Daily" recently in the "world factory," said the visit to Dongguan found that the impact of China's manufacturing industry for more than a decade of "labor shortage" phenomenon is digestion. Although the overall situation of business employment this year is still grim, but some companies feel difficult to recruit difficult pressure has been eased.
Employment is still behind the beginning of the gap, on the one hand is the relocation of local enterprises to continue or continue to operate; In addition, more and more traditional labor-intensive enterprises began to cut the edge of products, reduce human demand; there are many companies wandering wait and see This two years carefully set foot on the road of transformation, into the emerging industries, more labor to be released.
Recruitment is difficult to ease last year
In recent years, the transformation and upgrading of enterprises in Dongguan City, to strengthen technological transformation, "machine substitutions" and other measures to implement, to a certain extent, improve the efficiency of labor productivity, make up for lack of labor, but some industry enterprises still exist a certain job gap, Low, the traditional industry in labor-intensive enterprises shortcuts have become normal.
This reporter visited the study found in Humen Town, Dongguan, Chang'an Town and Houjie Town and other places of the industrial area, many factories are in the vicinity of the streets put up a recruitment billboards, involving various industries, such as clothing, Electronics, furniture, etc., salary is quite attractive. In Houjie Town, an electronics factory recruitment card not only promised to pay wages on time 25 days on time, the consolidated wage of 3,500 yuan / month, but also to ensure free living in the dormitory and enjoy WiFi.
Newspaper reporter resident more than half an hour, did not see a job seekers approached the inquiry, the enterprise recruitment staff quite boring, turned and next to the other two factories recruiters chat.
According to the Dongguan Municipal Government to provide the data, the city's employment gap is about 10 million people, compared with previous years, basically flat. But in the case of employment gap is still huge, Xiao Yongkang has felt some minor differences.
Xiao Yongkang company mainly produces mid-range shoes, sold to Europe and the United States and other places. He told this reporter, this year's side of the shoe business has been closed or moved to the mainland more, about two or three percent.
Dongguan City Electronics Industry Association Secretary-General Yin Jianwen in an interview with this reporter also said that from the beginning to the present, the association has 230 members of the three closed.
Xiao Yongkang said that the closure of some enterprises led to an increase in the number of workers moving in the talent market. His argument has been confirmed by another local business owner.
Dongguan City chic Metal Products Co., Ltd. General Manager Zhou Feng said that labor is difficult to ease compared with last year. In addition to part of the factory closed part of the release of the labor force, there are some labor force, although before the hometown factory to attract back to employment, but because of lifestyle is not accustomed to or pay less than expected to return to Dongguan.
Zhou Feng's factory is located in Dongguan Dalang Town, the number of employees about 300 people, the end of March has been basically filled. "There may now be a loss of staff, but it is not too hard to add."
However, Zhou Feng stressed that the two types of labor released by the proportion of small, the overall recruitment is still very difficult.
Business "slimming" to improve profits
In Dongguan, some companies relocated or stopped operating, while some positive changes are also quietly happening. Many business owners began to adjust the market positioning, business "thin", cut off some of the technology is not too mature products or low profit orders.
Zhou Feng said that friends around the factory about six or seven percent began to cut the product. He will be related to the enterprise benefits of life and death and survival of the action known as the "strategic choice."
Zhou Feng's business was established in 2003, after the production of a variety of metal products and handicrafts to key ring and ashtray-based, but also the production of necklaces and badges. But now, he has completely abandoned the necklace and badge business, specializing in the production of technical strength is relatively strong key chain and ashtray. "Necklaces and badges are not our long items, and the factory consumes nearly 30% of the manpower. Now this part of the human half was released, the other half to expand the main business, human costs are not so big, the situation is difficult to recruit To ease. "
The rise in human costs is no longer a fresh topic. From May 1 this year, Dongguan City, the implementation of the new minimum wage: 1510 yuan / month (converted to 8.68 yuan / hour); part-time workers minimum hourly wage adjustment to 14.4 yuan / hour.
In this reporter's interview, a lot of "80" and "90" after the factory front-line staff said that the monthly basic salary plus overtime pay more than 3,000 yuan is not a rare thing. The wage level has been very close to the higher level of living in Shenzhen.
In addition, Zhou Feng also cut off some of the meager profits of the order. According to the original 50 million yuan turnover of net profit is only 10%, which is 500 million, but now even reduced to 30 million yuan turnover, but the net Profits reached 20%, which is 600 million.
Transition to emerging industries
Yin Jianwen said that very few member companies to transition to the service industry, more in the manufacturing industry within the transformation, such as from the production of Class A electronics to the production of Class B electronics.
Dongguan Network Chamber of Commerce is a civil society, members are mainly small and medium enterprises, involving various industries. The agency, a responsible person told this reporter, by the impact of the market environment, members of this year, a lot of corporate restructuring, part of the service industry, part of the processing industry from the processing industry to do new industries, or to produce in line with market demand Of the tight products.
In the face of the ever-increasing profits of the original product, the companies are eager to enter new areas and get high profits, but the unknown risks make these companies take a very cautious attitude, while operating the original product, while Have money to invest in new industries.
Lu Guangxi is a typical case. He was a metal jewelry company in Dongguan City, served as the general manager of more than ten years, but his title is now more and linked to the watch.
A few years ago he began to pay attention to some foreign brands big price is very expensive, the domestic medium-priced watch market is relatively blank, last year he will be marked with their own brand of watches to the market, priced at two or three hundred to two thousand dollars, the current Has more than 20 stores.
"Production areas we only do the last process: assembly, the former process all to the mainland lower cost of labor to complete the factory, so the need for human reduction." Lv Guangxi said. He plans to mature in the watch business, reducing the original hardware jewelry business.
As we all know, the proportion of floating population is essential for the development of regional economy. According to the National Health Program, as of 2013, Guangdong is the largest inter-provincial population, and the proportion of inter-provincial inflows is nearly 30%. But more and more labor to move back to the mainland, a battle for the population has already started.
Dongguan, a security workers in the factory workers after the "90" guy Yin Hai Cao told this reporter, their own from other provinces, home development zone construction is in full swing, a large number of building buildings where they stand. His leisure time almost all the security factory in Dongguan, compare the performance and price of the product, so that home business in the second half, selling security products.
At the same time, Dongguan City, "machine substitutions" program is also accelerating. Zhou Feng, a friend has introduced a robot, "for those simple repetitive action more processes, the use of the robot is very high. They can work 24 hours, the purchase cost is not high, some of the price of a robot is not a Workers' salary for one year.