As early as 8 o'clock, the ancient city of Mao Qiang ancient city of Sichuan opened slowly, hundreds of bright Qiang red from the towering Qiang towers roof slowly falling, accompanied by more than a thousand Qiang masses of the horns and sheepskin drums, Maoxian ancient Qiangcheng The day of the tourist business officially began. Tourists hold high the camera, mobile phone, pick up the steps, the influx of Qiang city door.
One and a half hours ago, the sun outcrop, Gong Dai Ren dressed in Qiang costumes, carry a full of Qiang embroidery cloth bag, slowly embarked on the steps of Mao Qiang ancient Qiang city outside the door, 81 years old, At this time with his counterparts only a small amount of early sanitation workers.
7 years ago on May 12, the earthquake to live in Maoxian Yadu Township Haja Zhai Gong Diren lost the house of residence, once lived in the Maoxian Bureau of Culture Bureau of the simple shed. Slightly pleased that Gong generation did not lose the portable bag, because the bag filled with his baby: a Qiangdi.
In the two years before the earthquake, Qiangdi production and playing skills were included in the first batch of national non-heritage list, Gong Renren subsequently became representative of the successor. In the local, the Qiang flute played two factions: one is Gong Dai Ren's "Gong Pai", the other is by the head of the He grams of "what school". According to He Ke's disciples He Wangquan's argument, Gong school repertoire partial sadness, and how to send more cheerful.
In 2013, the ancient city of Qiang officially opened, operating party Qiang cultural vice president Chen Haiyuan Gong is the apprentice, unable to withstand the apprentice's invitation, Gong Dai Ren became a member of the ancient Qiang city, every day in the area Of the Qiang Wang Guanzhai for visitors to show the ancient Qiang Qiang this art.
Qiang culture "living fossil"
Gong Diren called "baby" of the Qiangdi, made of two bamboo tube, about one foot, with a thin line or glue fit, the two nozzles were a bamboo reed. But this is not surprising musical instrument, can play or melancholy, or high-pitched sonorous melody.
The origin of the Qiangdi, different views, according to legend, the Yellow Emperor's musicians in the Minshan made the Qiang and flute, there are legends that the ridge is the ancient grassland on the ancient Qiang people with bone and bone research and development. Material from the animal bones to bamboo, on the other hand confirmed the Qiang nomadic wandering route. Today, the Qiang flute from the mountain made of bamboo, bone of the Qiang flute is rarely retained.
In the literary works, the Qiang flute is also known as the "regulars" in the frontier poems. The most famous is the famous poet of the Tang Dynasty poet Wang Zhuan, "Liangzhou word" in the famous phrase: "Qiang Di how to complain of willow, spring is not jade door." Frontier poetry is very common, but the Qiang flute has never entered the court, but the garrison in the entertainment of the product. After the production of Qiang flute has been as an important part of the daily life of the Qiang people, the farmland after the busy field, the Qiang people will habitually take out the pocket of the Qiang flute, three or five groups together to blow one or two. "Today, the Qiang people proud of the 'four must' are Qiang silver, Qiang towers, Qiang embroidery, Qiang flute. In this 'four absolutely', only the Qiangdi different, only this one, so the Qiangdi known as The fossil of the Qiang culture. "Chen Haiyuan said.
Qiang flute is good, the sound is hard to find
In the Qiang Wang Guanzhai, Gong Dairen to the visitors every day to perform nearly a hundred times, each performance of about 3 minutes, are Qiangdi music in the wonderful paragraph. Each performance, Gong generation will be surrounded by visitors, the camera's shutter sound became his "accompaniment". However, most of the tourists after a few minutes later hurriedly left, rushed to the next attractions, one day down, Gong generation of some lost. "It's hard to really understand the art through this few minutes, and do not even see what the instrument looks like."
Chen Haiyuan was born in Maoxian, a child who had seen the old man playing the instrument in the village, that is very magical, how can two ordinary bamboo tube blowing music? So, he will pay Gong Ren Ren as a teacher, this school is nearly 50 years.
"Now the country will play the Qiangdi people less than 100 people, and will make the swords of the veteran artists are more scarce." Raised the current situation of the Qiang flute, Chen Haiyuan a little anxious.
Qiang flute is not easy to play, the Qiang people often say that the use of drums and drums in the music, in the music on the scientific name is called ventilation, to ensure that the atmosphere continued to complete the natural ventilation, so that the air through the nostrils out of the lungs, Through the cheek to the mouth as the air exchange of the exchange station to ensure that the sound of the whistle tube flow constantly. Chen Haiyuan said that when he was learning, to practice to play a breath for 30 minutes without interruption, Master Gong generation will be happy to smile.
"The price of the Qiangdi is less than a thousand dollars, the production process is very complicated, to be purely hand-made." Wang Wei, head of the Beijing Bamboo Orchestra has been concerned about this is located in the minority areas of "odd instruments." "As the unit price is low, skilled craftsman is difficult to rely solely on the production of musical instruments to make money to meet the home, which led to a sharp reduction in musical instruments." Wang Wei said.
Chen Haiyuan has been hoping to make a breakthrough from the production of musical instruments, he traveled to Beijing and Shanghai many times, with large-scale national musical instrument manufacturers to discuss, test, hope that through the improvement of materials, so that the number of musical instruments to achieve changes, but several times Improvement ended in failure. "Slightly change the material, the sound is completely not the traditional look." Chen Haiyuan said.
50-year-old Yu Xingbao in ancient China Qiangcheng scenic area, responsible for playing the real performance "Qiang Wang marriage" in the Qiang Wang's housekeeper. Yu Xingbao is a member of the Maoxian Song and Dance Troupe, and the Qiangdi is also part of his life. "Qiang flute's performance is not simple, from beginner to entry does not take too long, but from the entry to master the need for years or even decades of accumulation and practice." Yu Xingbao out of the Qiangdi inheritance in another Troubled.
Due to the current needs of tourist attractions, Maoxian near the many areas are in urgent need of Qiang people, many children learn a few months, since that is proficient, then leave the master to work to earn money. His son is also playing in Jiuzhaigou area Qiangdi, but in Yu Xingbao view, the son of the level is still far worse.
Gong Dai Ren taught out of the apprentice, only three or five can be proficient in Qiang flute playing, Chen Haiyuan apprentice, proficient only two or three.
Into the campus, research and development derivatives
In the post-disaster reconstruction work, the protection and excavation of national culture is an important work in Aba, Aba City, deputy director of the new Bureau of He Zhifen several times between Marcon and Maoxian. In her view, the Qiang culture is an important part of the minority culture, must be protected and inherited. In the ancient Qiang city of China, established for the Qiang intangible cultural heritage of the training center, He Zhifen introduction, the training center is to rescue, mining, protection, heritage, promote the Qiang culture of the workplace. Thanks to the construction of the training center, Chen Haiyuan also has its own studio.
With the support of the government, the primary and secondary schools in Maoxian began to popularize the Qiangtan in the form of interest classes. Chen Haiyuan also took the children every week to take the children to learn the Qiang and feel the charm of the Qiangdi music. "I should be grateful to the country, let this art in the children to be popularized and popular." Chen Haiyuan said.
At the same time, in ancient China Qiangcheng scenic area, the Qiang flute also as a major element to show visitors. Chen Haiyuan said that the future Qiangdi can use tourism resources, in the tourist area to display and promote the development of Qiang flute shape of cultural derivatives, such as key ring, ornaments, refrigerator, etc., hope visitors to reach the Qiang gathered to fully understand the Qiang flute. And with the Qiang-related audio and video products, are also making.