A digital journey of oil
"Oil drip to us here is not to travel, we use the 'green map' this system to block it, so that 'gas is not the sky, the oil does not fall'!" Pointing behind the big production command center screen, Jinling Petrochemical Chief Security Officer Lu Pengyu proud to say.
Lu Pengyu feeling changes with the past and present: the original data must rely on people staring, for fear of a blink of an eye, the data change. Now, the environmental protection system is like "the third eye", "not only does not blink, but also automatically reminds."
This is only a microcosm of Sinopec Corp.'s commitment to digital and intelligent change. In the opinion of the insiders, digitization has raised the technological level of Sinopec Corp. and reduced the labor demand. Workers liberated from the heavy workload have been diverted to the posts inside and outside the petrochemical complex. Everything is now allowing the industry to go ahead lightly .
Analyze the underground state of the well like CT
The digital journey of oil droplets begins with the first steps in mining.
Ran Yanjun, senior technician at Gaoji Oil Field, Jiangsu No.2 Oil Production Plant, has worked in the field for 27 years. Behind him at the moment are 167 oil wells, 88 wells and a daily crude oil production capacity of 207 tons. Here is a part of Jiangsu Oilfield. Every day, oil extraction equipment draws crude oil from the bottom of the earth and flows continuously to the next link. "In 1990, I witnessed the innovation of three generations of technology and everything changed a lot."
The first generation of automation technology in his eyes started around 2000. At that time, automation mainly refers to the start and stop of pumping units. The factory cooperated with a famous university in Nanjing to send two technical cadres to Nanjing to study scientific research achievements.
However, the equipment of the first generation of technology was not easy to maintain. The second generation technology quickly emerged and four cadres went to Nanjing again. The fly in the ointment is that the second generation of technology can not perfectly adapt to the geographical needs of flood control, the latter part of the cost is higher.
The third generation technology then boarded the stage of history. Ran Yanjun said that this is a central monitoring system in the control room to see the status of wells and workers through video surveillance, but also real-time speaker reminder. It also enables metrology automation, which automatically converts all production data from wells to charts and texts and analyzes the wells' underground working conditions just as physicians do.
Technician Jiang Ling also felt the technological innovation. In the past, workers were required to tour around the clock on a day-to-day basis and now only need to check every two hours. Many of the data can be remotely monitored for monitoring.
The division of labor began to be more specific and efficient workers, Jiang Ling memories, workers in a long time ago need oil, burning boilers, inspection "one shoulder pick" heavy workload, efficiency is not high, and now set up a transfer station, Gang set in charge of oil transportation, boiler gang stove furnace insulation, oil production workers only responsible for oil and inspection.
The background of this change is that the winter of the international oil market is quietly rampant, improving efficiency and reducing labor costs, but also the only way for all energy companies.
Employees also try to take the initiative to use digital ideas to solve the problem. Ran Yanjun found that some electrical failure rate can not be found in time hidden trouble, some pondering, the use of intermediate frequency electric heating technology to replace the old square tube heating technology, developed a "outdoor IF automatic alarm system."
"Information digitization has liberated workers' hands and feet, do not need to inspect the outside many times a day, regardless of the wind and the sun, more importantly, to protect the safety of employees." Ran Yanjun feeling, a small button to subvert the petrochemical Human life, but this subversive thanks.
The veterans of the mining front have so far remembered the stark contrast between the three generations of technology. The first two generations of the two generations were technically complex and boring to learn. The best technical cadres in the factory also found it difficult to study in Nanjing for a month or two. The third generation, Achieved, the threshold of the staff also dropped lower and lower, "ordinary staff training in the factory a week can post."
Manual inspection also began to be intelligent
When the crude oil was transported to Jinling Petrochemical, Liu Yi, deputy director of Jinling Petrochemical Production Technology Department, used to "run" to describe the state of the oil in refining this link.
"A drop of oil first passes the crude oil rapid evaluation system." Liu Yi cited a series of digital systems: LIMS quality system to determine crude oil for which a decompression device for processing, into the atmospheric and vacuum devices, DCS decentralized control system, APC advanced control The system ensures that all conditions reach the best point.
This is a group of collective activities, then, the oil droplets immediately parted ways. The system cuts each fraction, depending on the nature of them "hair" to a different device for secondary processing.
In the process of refining these oils, inseparable from the workers intelligent inspection. The device, called the "intelligent logging device", is small in size but can perform many types of inspection methods: temperature measurement, vibration measurement, observation, meter reading, leakage, shutdown, auscultation.
Intelligent logging device has been Jinlin Petrochemical Chemical two trial operation, production technology, Wu Heng, director of its put it down: through the inspection device shooting upload function, the total control room staff sits in the "Army Camp", according to the front of the transmission back Information real-time guide the operation of field workers, timely detection of problems, deal with problems and ensure safe production.
More convenient is that each time it performs the task, it can automatically generate inspection reports based on the selected inspection items, the actual situation, the data submitted to the system, greatly reducing the pressure on people.
Yang Li-chun, a well-known technician in the coal chemical operation department, was very much looking forward to this intelligent inspection device. Once, he patrolled the process of reviewing the industry-famous "Yang Liun Chun Liu Zi operation" (see, listen, check, think, speak, prepare), in the past each inspection, even if reheat, he had to wear special Vest, night inspection also had to flashlight.
"Now the inspection device can integrate multiple functions together." Yang said he expects the device to be popularized as soon as possible. "It can reduce the pressure on inspection workers and increase the efficiency."
Digitization is also accompanied by every drop of oil gradually from refining into transport links. Jinling Petrochemical Oil Storage and Transportation Department Railway Works Wei Ming regulations said that in the history of measurement tools behind the oil loading sometimes appear excess, take the can, but now, operators only need to set a loading capacity, the system The valve will automatically close shortly before reaching the upper limit.
"We also have a 'mass flow meter' that can calculate the quality according to the density of the oil and make it safer and more accurate." Wei Ming said that in the past it was always manual inspection, temperature checking and water checking, and the accuracy was not the best. Now manual testing is only as an aid, the relevant data of each car will automatically enter the system, the downstream sales center can see simultaneously.
Data sharing, the sales center will be used to settle with customers, convenient and quick. Wei Ming regulations revealed that this trick is Jinling Petrochemical first put into use, and later, Sinopec headquarters also opened a special exchange of experience, "Venue in Jinling Petrochemical."
Gas stations handheld mini mall
Oil drifts have reached the Jade Oil Depot of Sinopec Sales Jiangsu Petroleum Branch (hereinafter referred to as "Jiangsu Petroleum Branch") after hard work, and quality control room monitor Tang Hong felt that intelligent records management data has become an indispensable part of their work. . Here is the temporary storage of oil products, in the storage of multiple stages, the oil must be tested.
In 2013, Jiangsu Petroleum Branch introduced LIMS-Laboratory Information Management System. This not only helps them to record the details of the products that are stored in the warehouse each time, but also can compare the previous data to avoid the pooling of the quality of the products and facilitate the staff to make more refined judgments and maintenance on the products.
"It can be said that jade oil depot of Jiangsu Petroleum Branch has reached the first-class oil storage and regulatory capabilities, but also represents the high pursuit of Sinopec's petrol quality." In addition, Jade Oil Depot also set the sulfur Content detection intelligent system, supervision of oil storage library automated management system and so on.
Under the escort of these digital systems, oil is safely delivered from the depot to each gas station, and the delivery rate is adjusted in real time according to the needs of the gas station.
Nanjing resident Zhang Xun home to live near the gas station in West Lake. Today, as usual, he finished the oil, took out his mobile phone skillfully, and took a few bottles of water from the China Petrochemical Express Convenience Store before getting on the train. In fact, this is a new attempt by China Petrochemical to introduce "Internet +" at the end of the industrial chain - Micro Mall. Users only need to pay attention to the "Sinopec Jiangsu Customer Service Center" WeChat public account to shop on the relevant page.
"Huxi Street gas station is the first online and offline new experience shop, customers can place orders, you can also online orders and then pick the store delivery." West Lake gas station owners Zhang Linfang said, "Micro Mall prices more affordable , There are regular spike activities. "At the same time, each employee also has micro-stores, according to their own customer base to provide goods. At present, China Petrochemical Easy McNamara has more than 15,000 micro-real stores, "everyone is a guest" concept prevailed in the company.
Zhang Xun said he sometimes went to the West Street gas station on the second floor, a business of many intelligent car service product display center. He bought a smart key ring that his family could bind to a cell phone. Self-service credit card machine, smart car wash, WeChat printer also appeared in this neighborhood, a mobile terminal, to do card, car wash and other services are all linked.