Zhu Hong from the West Gate into the Palace Museum, all the way through the Wu Yingdian, off Hongqiao, stepping on the sea and green brick, across the square in front of Taihe, went to volunteer to explain his Wenhua Hall ceramic Museum.
Wenhua in front of the road is a new shop, the old bumpy asphalt road, have been replaced by bluestone brick, grass on both sides of the front, the unobstructed iron fence also withdrawn, stone brick and green grass seamless. The palace lantern, standing on either side of the road or standing on a square base, replaces the unexpected poles.
Spring is coming, the West House Begonia opened in front of Wen Zheng is Sheng, fell petals in one place. There are 448 old trees in the Forbidden City.
Nowadays, the beasts standing on the cornices witness tens of millions of tourists each year passing through the dawn of the white marble that was once accessible only by the Emperor.
This ancient complex is about to embark on a 600-year-old birthday in three years. When it is the Imperial City, the surrounding area of ??6.8 square kilometers, the common people shall not enter.
92 years ago, its door opened to the common people, and the sign of the "Palace Museum" was hung above the Shenwu Gate. The mysterious Forbidden City was once open to less than 30%, then to 50% last year, opening up 76%, is expected to exceed 80% in 2020. Ordinary people can set foot in the area, more and more.
The museum is inside the palace, and the building inside the palace, flowers and trees, is itself an artifact.
As soon as he entered the Imperial Palace Wenhua Hall Ceramics Museum, Zhang Kui was surrounded by "national treasure."
There are Neolithic pottery, Tang Dynasty three colors, the Song Dynasty five famous kiln boutique. In the middle of the exhibition hall, large bottles of glaze of Qianlong period were placed. Up to 15 different types of glazes were placed on the top of the body. This complete glaze bottle was the only one in the world.
"This is Qianlong people to create dazzling technology, the artistic value is actually not high." Across the glass, Zhang 甡 pointing to the big bottle, from the top of the glaze that layer, speak one layer after another. Soon, a group of tourists gathered around him. Someone open the phone, turn the photos of their collections to Zhang, please help him tasting.
Zhang 甡 has been a volunteer guide at the National Palace Museum for 5 years. One week in a row with these antiquities makes him especially enjoyable. There are countless objects in the Forbidden City. Zhang 甡 readily mean, refers to the Ming dynasty Zhu Di holds in his hand the blue and white hand cup of tea.
"It's called a hand pressure cup, because the cup's mouth coincides with the mouth of Zhu Dihu, which is only three and a half years old in the world, all in the Forbidden City," he said.
Here is the "history of the entire Chinese ceramics," some of the exhibits are the palace of the Former Palace of the Forbidden City, and some folk donations. Ceramics Museum Weekday visitors not much, will "turn into Wenhua Temple to see ceramic, are basically fans."
Zhu Hong, who also volunteered to explain in the ceramics exhibition hall, often meets ceramic enthusiasts who are attracted to him and some even come from overseas. Zhu Hong, most like to tell visitors, is the display of pottery in the front row of cabinets, "unite the wisdom of primitive people 7000 years ago."
Zhu Hong, 69, is a chemistry teacher before retirement. In the Forbidden City, every volunteer instructors have their own characteristics, some are good at appreciating the craft, and some familiar behind the anecdotes of the relics. While Zhu Hong is talking about porcelain, can tell the chemical composition of different porcelain, speak different glaze colors are made of iron or copper compounds. He had personally seen different enamels in the microscope.
Zhu Hong is one of the first volunteers recruited by the National Palace Museum, and so far he has served for 13 years in the Forbidden City. Ceramics Museum Hall displayed 409 pieces of exhibits, Lao Zhu called come to name, say the origin. Exhibits, some of the State Administration of Cultural Relics announced the third batch of banned exhibits, Lao Zhu eleven out.
"The Palace Museum is different from other museums," Zhu told China Youth Daily Zhongqing News Online. "The museum is inside the palace. The buildings, flowers and trees in the palace are all cultural relics."
To make the current president of the National Palace Museum Shan Xiang proud, the Forbidden City is "the only museum in the world to receive tens of millions of spectators each year."
"We have been organizing various exhibitions to open new exhibition halls, but the vast majority of visitors to the National Palace Museum are moving forward without discrimination to see where the emperor's throne is. Lying somewhere, then go forward, take a look at Imperial Garden.Once more than an hour, visited the end, went out.Some people say, how did not see the different cultures, did not see all aspects of the Forbidden City.I Feel it, many tourists, in fact, have overlooked the rich exhibition we are organizing on both sides. "Shan Xiang said.
This spring, the Forbidden City Meridian Exhibition Hall is carrying out "France 18th Century Treasures Art Exhibition" and "Afghanistan National Museum Treasure Show." Wu Yingdian Museum of Calligraphy and Painting Museum on May 6 from the "National Palace Museum possession of four monk paintings exhibition." This time from the National Palace Museum out of the house, is the end of the Ming and Qing Dynasties Hongren, disabled, Bada Shanren, Shi Tao four monks calligrapher works, a total of 81 pieces.
Zhu Hong is explaining the words of the four Monk painting exhibition, ready to take the exam. According to the rules of the Forbidden City, even if they are already volunteers, volunteer speaking guides for different exhibitions are still required for different exams and trainings.
"Maybe you will go back to Wu Ying Temple to see this exhibition and meet me," he said.
Zhu Hong is a native of Beijing. As a child, the Forbidden City was just an ordinary attraction for him. He, like other ordinary tourists, went in from the Meridian Gate, walked along the central axis through the Taihe Temple, Baohe Temple, Qianqing Palace and Kunning Palace, passing through the Imperial Garden and finally went out from the Shenwu Gate.
In the winter of 2004, he saw a hiring inspiment in the newspapers and a volunteer for the Forbidden City.
The registration form can be mailed or sent to the Forbidden City. Zhu Hong chose to sit for a half-hour bus, came to the Forbidden City Shenwumen, hands-on application form sent to the Forbidden City communication room. Examination day is cold, he came early in the morning to the National Palace Museum West Gate named. The examination room is in the northwest corner of the Forbidden City, some distance from Xihuamen.
At that time, the Forbidden City in the western region is not open to tourists, the entire Forbidden City open area of ??only 33%, Zhu Hong think, even if he was not admitted, never walked away in the Forbidden City to go this part, "can be considered to walk in the Forbidden City In the taste. "
In the past 13 years, Zhu Hong became one of the first 287 volunteers and has persevered to the present dozens of people. He watched the Forbidden City open to the public a little larger.